Qatar is an ever growing nation, achieving a spot among the world’s leading countries in economy, technology and policy within a few decades only. To achieve this, it took an exponential rise in the population of Qatar.
As it comes with no surprise, the rise of Qatar was sparked by the finding of vast oil reserves, hidden in the desert planes of the Arabian peninsula. If you are visiting Doha today, Qatar’s capital, it is a modern metropolis. Seeing all the skyscrapers and high-tech infrastructure, it is hard to believe that this country is still so young. The country had its first school just back in 1949, and its first hospital in 1947, but today is not only a regional, but also a world leader in both education and healthcare.
By the time the first school and first hospital opened in Qatar, the Qatari population was around just 25,000 people. However, 6 decades later the population is just over 2,290,000 people, almost 90% of which are of foreign nationalities, in Qatar for professional reasons.
Building a modern country in the Arabian desert is not easy. Especially in such a short period of time, for a country with a small population. Since the Qatar Statistics Authority does not make their records public, it is up to estimates by world organizations to disclose both the number of people living in Qatar as a population, as well as the number of foreign workers by nationality.
United Nations reports estimate the Qatari population to be made up of only 15% Qataris, and the largest foreign group being from India at 24%. Other large communities in Qatar are from Nepal (16%), the Philippines (11%), and Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan nationals, each making up 5% of the Qatari population.
Non-Qatari Arabs make up 13% of the population residing in Qatar, from various Arab countries, mainly Egypt. And the International Organization for Migration reports that in 2012, about 7,000 Turks lived in Qatar, as well as 1,000 Colombians in 2016.